High Engine Idle – What To Check When Your Idle Speed Is Too High

High Engine Idle - What To Check When Your Idle Speed Is Too High
High Engine Idle - What To Check When Your Idle Speed Is Too High

So, What can cause abnormally high engine idle speeds.

Dealing with high engine idle issues can be quite frustrating until you identify the cause of the problem.

Once you do that, figuring out the correct solution to high engine idle won’t take long.

So, The first step in the diagnosis is a visual inspection. Inspect the throttle cable and linkage for binding. Also, Inspect the engine for any vacuum leaks.

Higher Than Normal (RPM)
Higher Than Normal (RPM)

With the engine at idle, visually inspect each vacuum hose on the vehicle. Listen for a hissing sound which is a key indicator of a vacuum leak.

Next, Check if there are any diagnostic trouble codes stored in the (PCM). If there are any codes this will give us a good starting point for troubleshooting.

Note, If you don’t have a code reader most parts chain stores will read your diagnostic trouble codes for free.

If you find any codes, you will be able to follow them to possible causes. You may have a Error Code P0507 meaning the idle speed is faster than normal.

Engine Idle Air Control Valve Failure

Idle Air Control Valve
Idle Air Control Valve

So, If is dirty cleaning it may improve your issues.

Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Failure

Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor
Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor

So, If the engines coolant temperature sensor fails, then the engine electronic control unit (ECU) may think the engine is still cold. As a result, Keeping the engine (rpm) high, by commanding the idle air control valve appropriately.

There Are Many Possible Causes:

  • In vehicles that have carburetors, a bad accelerator pump or power circuit.
  • The engine is overheating, and the cooling system needs repair.
  • Fuel pressure regulator may be operating at too low of a pressure and would need to be replaced.
  • Ignition timing needs adjusting.
  • Also, Ignition problems stemming from the distributor cap, rotor, ignition wires or spark plugs.
  • The computerized engine control system is faulty.
  • Vacuum leak
  • Bad idle speed control unit
  • Bad alternator

Conclusion

So, Idle issues can be frustrating, but with some patient troubleshooting, you’ll have a real chance of figuring it out.

Finally, Remember to always check engine idle with the air conditioning and defroster in the OFF setting. Both of these systems are designed to change the idle when they are on due to demands on the engine.

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