Antifreeze in Oil – What Can it Do ?

Antifreeze in Oil – What Can it Do ? Antifreeze in Oil can be Catastrophic if not dealt with quickly.

Organic acids may form as a result of antifreeze oxidizing:

  • Glycolic acid
  • Oxalic acid
  • Formic acid
  • Carbonic acid

 For each 18°F (8°C) in temperature the reaction rate doubles. Their presence in lubricating oil can jeopardize bearings and other frictional surfaces.

Engine Bearing Damage
Engine Bearing Damage

The corrosive conditions can pit the clad surfaces of the lead/tin overlay of journal bearings. Consequently this will promote rust on steel and iron surfaces, and tarnish cupric metals of bronze and brass. Even a small coolant leak over time is enough to severely corrode engine steel and copper surfaces.

ANTIFREEZE IN OIL-INTERNAL COOLANT LEAKS are the worst kind of coolant leaks because they are hidden inside the engine.

If not dealt with in a timely fashion antifreeze in oil can be catastrophic

Head Gasket Leak
Head Gasket Leak

Head Gaskets:

Internal coolant leaks are most often due to a bad head gasket. A bad head gasket may leak coolant into a cylinder or into the crankcase. Coolant leaks into the crankcase dilute the oil and can damage the bearings in your engine. A head gasket leaking coolant into a cylinder can foul the spark plug and create a lot of white smoke out the exhaust. Adding sealer to the cooling system may plug the leak if it is not too bad, but eventually the head gasket will have to be replaced.

Head gasket failures are often the result of engine overheating (which may have occurred because of a coolant leak elsewhere in the cooling system, a bad thermostat, or an electric cooling fan not working). When the engine overheats, thermal expansion can crush and damage portions of the head gasket. This damaged area may then start to leak combustion pressure and/or coolant.

Intake Manifold Leak Causing Antifreeze in Oil
Intake Manifold Leak Causing Antifreeze in Oil

Intake Manifold gaskets:

In addition the gasket that seals the intake manifold to the cylinder heads may leak. Furthermore this could allow coolant to enter the intake port, crankcase or dribble down the outside of the engine. Some engines such as General Motors 3.1L and 3.4L V6 engines as well as 4.3L, 5.0L and 5.7L V8s are notorious for leaky intake manifold gaskets. The intake manifold gaskets on these engines are plastic and often fail at 50,000 to 80,000 miles. Other troublesome applications include the intake manifold gaskets on Buick 3800 V6 and Ford 4.0L V6 engines.

Antifreeze can leak into motor oils and other lubricating oils in a variety of ways.

These include:

  • Defective or deteriorated seals
  • Blown head gaskets
  • Improperly torqued head bolts
  • Thermally warped or cracked cylinder heads (from low coolant charge to stuck thermostat)
  • Cracked block or cylinder head from frozen coolant
  • Improperly machined head and block surfaces
  • Corrosion damage of cylinder liners
  • Cavitation erosion/corrosion of cylinder liners
  • Electrochemical erosion
  • Damage or corroded cooler cores
  • Water pump seal failure and weep-hole blockage

If the problem is not identified, the oil is often changed without a system flush.  The chain reaction then gains new life as the detergents and dispersants coming in with the new motor oil can mobilize the sludge and deposits. Then, within minutes after an oil and filter change, the new filter can become plugged again.


Following is the summary of this chain reaction:

1. As a result coolant leaks into the crankcase oil. (Antifreeze in Oil )

2. Acids and precipitants form as the glycol, coolant additives and lubricant additives react.

3. Hence these insolubles begin to plug the oil filter.

4. Concurrently, the acids and water disrupt soot dispersancy causing a dumping condition. More sludge and insolubles form.

5. By now the filter is plugged with the glycol transformation by-products and coagulated soot.

6. The oil and filter are changed (typically around 15 percent of the old oil remains, either in the oil pan or occluding to engine surfaces). The new oil (with detergents and dispersants) mobilizes the soot and the sludge, carrying it to the filter.

7. Once again, the filter becomes plugged (even with the coolant leak fixed).


Antifreeze
Antifreeze

Antifreeze ( Glycol ) Types and Colors

Years ago when your cooling system was low, you popped the radiator cap off and added your favorite brand of antifreeze,usually green or yellow and off you went. Now that isn’t as easy as almost every car maker has come out with their own blend of antifreeze. Many of these are long life and they come in a whole rainbow of colors.

Brown Antifreeze
Brown Antifreeze

Why your antifreeze may look Brown: Either a combination of two coolants mixed together by a top off, for example, orange coolant repeatedly topped up with green, gold or yellow or a coolant contaminated by sealants or other additives. When adding to your system, make sure you match what is in there already. Although you can safely flush the system and use the old standby green antifreeze, you don’t want to mix them. Finally a 50/50 mixture of whatever you use is critical for engine corrosion protection.

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