So, thermostat issues, can cause coolant temperatures to change erratically.
Consequently, thermostat issues, can prohibit engine coolant, from flowing normally.
So, what thermostat issues, could cause your thermostat to stick open or closed ?
First Of All, Let’s Determine If You Have Thermostat Issues.
A thermostat could stick open; if the return spring breaks or debris prevents the thermostat from fully closing.
A thermostat could stick closed; if the wax element has been damaged by overheating or corrosion.
Possible overheating from loss of coolant; a defective electric cooling fan or fan clutch. Furthermore, this failure prevents the flow of coolant to the radiator; possibly overheating the engine and causing damage. That’s why, when an engine overheats, it’s a good idea to replace the thermostat.
Above all, the consequences of an “open failure” may be less catastrophic than those of a “closed failure”.
So, How Do I Know If My Thermostat Is Stuck ? And, Is It Closed or Opened ?
One Way Is By Checking Coolant Flow:
- Start off with a cold engine.
- Remove the radiator cap.
- Start up the engine and let it idle.
- Verify that the coolant is not flowing.
- You can check this by looking through the radiator filler neck.
- The coolant should not be flowing.
- Consequently, the coolant has not reached a high enough temperature to open the thermostat.
So, if you see the coolant flowing; you have a thermostat stuck in the opened position. As a result, you need a new thermostat.
- But, if the coolant is not flowing, let it run for about 20 minutes, to reach operating temperature.
- About this time, you should see the coolant through the radiator filler neck, beginning to flow.
- Consequently, the coolant begins to flow, because it has reached a high enough temperature to open the thermostat.
So, if you don’t see the coolant flowing; you have a thermostat stuck in the closed position. As a result, you need a new thermostat.
Consequently, if the coolant begins to flow and the temperature stays normal your good.
But, if the engine overheats; you have another problems affecting the cooling system.
Other Possible Causes Of Overheating May Be:
- Clogged coolant passages
- Improper air/fuel mixture or ignition timing
- Bad thermostat
- Low coolant level
- Collapsed radiator hose
- Bad radiator fan
- Clogged radiator
- Cooling system leaks
- Loose water pump belt
- Worn-out water pump belt
- Bad water pump
- Bad rad cap
So, overheating always seems to happen, at the worst time, in the worst possible place. However, if you keep a car long enough, at some point, you will get cooling problems. Finally, overlooked, ignored or unchecked, cooling problems will end up leading to big expenses.
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