Oil Pan Gasket Leak – How To Diagnose And Confirm The Leak




Oil Pan Gasket Leak - How To Diagnose And Confirm The Leak
Oil Pan Gasket Leak - How To Diagnose And Confirm The Leak

The oil pan gasket has only one important job to do and that is; sealing the oil pan to the bottom of the engine.

But, it is not uncommon for the gasket to wear out and start leaking oil.

As a result, when a gasket is damaged; oil will leak out past the gasket and on to the ground.

So, if you see drops of oil under the car; it may be due to a faulty oil pan gasket.

Therefore, if your oil low warning light becomes illuminated; or you notice leaking oil, have it inspected immediately. That’s why, making sure that the oil level in your engine stays at the right levels; should be a top concern. But, there many different factors to consider that are; responsible for keeping the oil in the engine.

Oil Pan Gasket Leak
Oil Pan Gasket Leak

So, the oil pan is one of the most important elements in keeping your oil where it belongs. Consequently, engine oil pans hold most of the oil in an engine, at a given time.

The material the gasket is made of will begin to deteriorate over time due; to the high amount of heat. Eventually, the gasket will begin to leak and will create, drops of oil under the engine.

So, How Does A Oil Pan Gasket Leak Start

Like most components of a vehicle, the oil pan gasket does not last forever. As you continue to drive your vehicle the gasket will go through, wear and tear. Eventually, it will get to the point where the gasket will not be able to, seal the oil any longer.

Oil Leak Between Engine Block And Oil Pan
Oil Leak Between Engine Block And Oil Pan

As a result, oil will begin to leak as it circulates, between the engine block and the oil pan. That’s why, you need to recognize the symptoms of this issue, so that you can replace the gasket immediately. Otherwise, it could cause major damage to your engine.

Common Failure Symptoms:

Oil Leak

So, the biggest and most obvious symptom will be, oil leaking from underneath your engine. The material that the gasket is made of will begin to deteriorate, due to the high amount of heat. Eventually, the gasket will begin to leak and will create, drops of oil under the engine.

Oil Leak Under Engine
Oil Leak Under Engine

Consequently, neglecting to fix this issue right away can lead to, a low oil level and pressure. That can be dangerous and compromise the, functionality of your engine.

Engine Overheating

So, if oil is leaking out it will not have enough oil to, lubricate and cool down its components. Because, the engine oil is part of what, keeps the engine cool. Along with the coolant, engine oil is used to, keep friction and heat down in the engine.

Engine Overheating
Engine Overheating

If the oil pan leaks and the oil level drops it can cause the engine to overheat. An overheating engine, can cause extensive damage, if left unattended.

Smoke Issues

Another sign you will see when the oil pan gasket is leaking, is smoke coming from the engine. Due to, the oil from the oil pan falling on the hot exhaust manifold.

Smoke Coming From The Engine
Smoke Coming From The Engine

Letting this problem persist, may also lead to things like the oxygen sensors or various other components, becoming damaged.

Low Oil Level

In some cases, the leak that the oil pan gasket has, will be very small and nearly undetectable. Usually, for leaks like this the only warning sign that you will have; is a lower than normal oil level.

Low Oil Level
Low Oil Level

The engine warning light should illuminate on your dashboard, if you have a lower than normal oil level.

Oil Only Leaks, While The Engine Is Running

So, fixing an oil pan gasket leak can be, a frustrating ordeal. Your oil pan is always going to be the lowest component on your engine. So, as oil is pumped all through your engine it drains by gravity, back to the oil pan. Gravity always takes liquids to the lowest possible place and that is where your oil pan sits. The oil pan catches and holds all the oil in your engine, whether it is running or not.

Consequently, the level at which the oil sits in your oil pan is actually, below the gasket.  This turns out to be a good thing, if you have an oil pan gasket leak. So, once you turn your vehicle off the oil settles below the gasket, and the leak will stop.

This also can make it difficult to identify an oil pan gasket leak. Because, the only time oil is leaking from the oil pan is, while you are driving.

How To Diagnose And Confirm The Leak

Always, start off with a visual inspection of the:

  • Oil Fill Cap
  • Oil Filter
  • Pan Drain Plug
  • Oil Pressure Sensor
  • Valve Cover
  • Front Crankshaft Main Seal
  • Timing Cover Gasket
  • Rear Crankshaft Seal
  • Engine Oil Cooler Adapter
  • Oil Level Sender
  • Oil Pan
  • Intake Manifold
  • Head Gasket
  • Distributor

Thoroughly Clean All The Oil From Your Engine, Using Brake Clean Or A Engine Degreaser

An oil pan gasket leak can be difficult to identify. So, it is worth making sure that your oil pan gasket is actually, where the leak is coming from. There can be evidence of a leak down to your oil pan gasket, on the outside of your engine.

Just because you have oil around your oil pan, doesn’t mean your oil pan gasket is leaking. While inspecting your engine make sure to check for evidence of a leak and oil residue; above your oil pan. If you find oil above it, it may just be dripping down from another leak source.

Using A Smoke Machine

Smoke technology is a quick simple solution for troubleshooting leaks, in virtually any closed automotive system. In fact, finding leaks with a smoke machine is as simple as looking for smoke, exiting the engine. And virtually all automakers agree, a smoke machine is the fastest, easiest and safest way to find leaks.

Using A Fluorescent Leak Dye Detection System

Also, the combination of an ultraviolet (UV) or blue light and fluorescent dyes; allows you to find small oil leaks.

Fluorescent Leak Dye Detection System
Fluorescent Leak Dye Detection System

Add the dye to your oil reservoir and let your engine, idle for 10 minutes. With the overhead lights off, shine the fluorescent light over your engine. As a result, glowing areas indicate leaks.

Find Leaks By Applying Air Pressure, The Soapy Water Test. (The same way we used to find leaks in tires)

Another way to find oil leaks is, to pressurize the intake manifold with about three lbs. of regulated air. This can be done by attaching a regulator to your shop air hose. Next, attach the hose to a vacuum fitting or the PCV valve fitting on the intake manifold. Do not apply too much pressure or, you may create new leaks!

Soapy Water Test
Soapy Water Test

Next, with the engine off and air flowing into the manifold, spray soapy water on suspected leaks.

Finally, if you see bubbles, you have found the leak.

Conclusion

An oil leak can indicate a serious issue with a vehicle. So, being aware of the signs of a leak is an important step in, preventing catastrophic engine damage. As oil leaks out and the levels become dangerously low, the engine loses necessary lubrication; which lead to expensive repairs. Finally, there are several ways to easily determine if your engine has that dreaded leak, without breaking the bank.

Your oil deteriorates as it ages, producing sludge and other corrosive substances. In addition, dirt, abrasive particles, metal fragments and byproducts of combustion, accumulate in your oil over time. If your oil isn’t changed, these items can cause wear on gaskets and seals; causing them to fail and leak.

So, again proper maintenance is always at the top of the list, for keeping you on the road.

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