So, the car electrical system, is way more, than just the stuff you see under the hood.
Consequently, apart from the main charging, starting and ignition circuits, there are many other circuits.
All electrical circuits in vehicles, are opened and closed, either by switches or relays. And, fuses are used, to prevent them from overloads.
Above all, the car electrical system, is very complex. And, has wires running off it, at intervals to connect with parts that require power.
Many of these circuits power:
- Engine cooling fan.
- The sensors and gauges, of electrical instruments.
- Heating elements.
- Magnetically operated locks.
- The radio.
- Fuel pump.
How Do We Measure This Information (car electrical system)
So, modern cars have, a 12 volt battery. Consequently, a batteries capacity is measured in, amp/hours. So, a 56 amp/hour battery, should be able to deliver, a current of 1 amp for 56 hours. However, if the battery voltage drops, less current flows. As a result, eventually there is not enough power to make the parts work.
Short Circuits And Fuses (car electrical system)
So, the current in a wire, may become dangerously high and melt the wire or cause a fire. Therefore, to guard against this, ancillary circuits have fuses. The sudden surge of high current, in a short circuit, makes the fuse wire melt or ‘blow’, breaking the circuit.
When this happens, check to see if there is a short circuit or a disconnection. Then install a new fuse, of the correct amperage rating. There are many fuses, each protecting a small group of parts. So, that one blown fuse, does not shut down the whole system.
Choose Your Car Electrical System Help Topic Below
Automotive Car Battery – Provides The Power To Starter And Accessories
Automotive Relays – How They Work – Why You Need Them – Testing
Car Alternator – Feeds The Electrical System Once The Engine Starts
Car Starter Motor – How Do You Know If Your Starter Motor Is Failing
Sensors In Cars – Devices That Monitor And Control Engine Parameters
Automotive Fuses – If Any Electrical Item Fails – Check The Fuses First
Dash Warning Lights – Only Provide A Warning Something Is Wrong
Ignition Switch – Common Signs Of A Failing Ignition Switch
Thank You !
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