Fuel system related problems can be difficult to solve.
Anything that might affect the flow and pressure of the fuel system is going to result in poorer performance.
Three Major Fuel System Components Of Concern Are;
- Fuel Filters
- The Fuel Pump
- Fuel Injectors
The big thing to note is that most of the failure warning signs are the same for most fuel system problems;
- Hesitating Engine
- Not Starting
- Hard Starting
- Different Performance at Different Speeds
- Engine Misfiring
- Engine Sputters at High Speeds
- Loss of Power When the Vehicle Is Under Load
- Decreased Gas Mileage
Let’s Talk About Three Common Fuel System Problems;
Fuel Filter- ( How To Test- Just Replace It )
I would say the most common problem is a clogged fuel filter.
Make sure you follow your manufacturer’s recommendations as to when you should change the fuel filter.
This information should be in your owner’s manual.
The symptoms of a clogged fuel filter are often similar to an engine that’s suffering with a defective fuel pump.
In many cases these two components can fail together.
The fuel pump can start to disintegrate depositing tiny ground up pieces directly into the filter causing a clog.
Whether you just have a plugged filter or defective fuel pump the symptoms could look the same. Lack of power is the main complaint in this situation. The engine might run perfectly at idle.
Fuel Pump– ( Carter Fuel Pump Testing )
There are far more inherent issues with electronic fuel pumps. The most common early sign of a problem comes when driving a vehicle at a consistently high speed. While traveling down the road, the car will run well for a while and then begin to jerk or sputter before returning to normal. It is very easy to mistakenly diagnose a sputtering vehicle as one with “dirty” gas, an almost empty tank or some other fuel-related issue. The loss of pressure causes the engine to sputter.
With a similar symptom to the previous, vehicles will jerk during acceleration from a stop. The car may produce a stalling sound and then accelerate smoothly. Once you take your foot off the brake and hit the gas pedal, a working pump increases the flow of gas. Once pressure is restored, the engine is able to run smoothly, and the car takes off. Generally, this occurs when climbing a hill or when hauling a load.
If your vehicle doesn’t lose power while driving, you may find it surges – accelerating suddenly with no drive input. Some may mistakenly blame this on the fuel filter, reasoning that it is not properly trapping dirt and rust. To diagnose such a malfunction, check for a blown fuse and pressure in the fuel line. Most modern electric fuel pumps can be heard when you turn the key on. If you don’t hear the pump running and your car will not start, it could be your fuel pump.
Fuel Injectors– ( How To Test- How to test injectors using a Noid Light )
If your engine’s fuel system develops a problem with even one of its injectors the symptoms should be immediately noticeable.
An injector that doesn’t open can cause hard starts, lack of power and a rough running condition. One that’s stuck partially open can cause a loss of fuel pressure and will allow raw gas to leak into the cylinder. Dirty injectors or ones that have failed completely will either be stuck in the open or closed position. Eventually the extra liquid work its way down into the oil sump. After a while you might be able to pull the oil dipstick and notice an over filled oil level.
Another sign that fuel is leaking into the oil is the smell of raw gas mixed with the engine oil. The odor is often strong enough that you can smell it on the dipstick when checking the level and condition. Another telltale sign of a leaking injector is a run on condition.
When you turn off the key to shut down the engine the injection process stops.The engine should immediately quit. If it continues to run on or clatter and sputter instead of turning off completely and immediately, you have fuel dripping in the combustion chamber. A dirty injector is a possible cause of the above condition. Build up of gum or carbon deposits on the tip can prevent it from sealing completely. This allows raw fuel to continue to enter the cylinder. This is then ignited by heat and compression like a diesel engine.